Prostate cancer is the cancer of prostate gland of the male reproductive system. The prostate cancer is the most prevalent concern of the society as it is the second leading cancer disease causing huge numbers of death tolls. Mostly, this cancer grows slowly and symptoms cannot be easily identified until it reaches to the final or critical stage. The PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) screening is just to identify the level of the prostate cancer in the blood of the male. Therefore, it is recommended to go for screening prostate cancer to get you self tested and verified whether you are free from this cancer symptoms or not. Particularly, the people at the age of 50 must go for the prostate cancer screening yearly as it doesn’t create any complications. However, some studies proved that after the age limit of 70, people should not go for the screening prostate cancer as it will not make changes in the condition of the person. There are two particular vital prostate cancer screening tests available to detect and identify the prostate cancer, DRE (Digital Rectal Examination) and PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen). Both tests are very easy and don’t create any discomfort to the patients.
Digital Rectal Exam – In order to get ready for screening prostate cancer test, you have to lie or bend on your front side holding the examining table with your knees drawn up. This position allows the physician to insert the lubricated, covered with glove finger into the rectum. Now, the physician can easily feel the prostate to detect any deformities in contour, size and texture of the gland. This test also allows the physician to check that the blood is present in the stool section or there are any considerable areas in rectum. It seems that prostate cancer screening is surely helpful in diagnosing the prostate cancer.
Prostate Specific Antigen – It symbolizes a simple blood test to detect the exact level of proteins, a by-product of prostate gland. Usually, the proteins, prostate specific antigen is present in low amount in every man. The signal of increasing the level of PSA would trigger the possibility of prostate cancer according to prostate cancer screening. Additionally, PSA can be elevated due to retention of urinary, infection or inflammation.
This test is developed in 1991 and still being incorporated with the DRE to detect the prostate cancer in the male body. The result of these tests delivers relevant and accurate information. Therefore, the doctors recommend people to go for screening prostate cancer to prevent this disease.